Topic: Economic and social disparities among residents in regions
Keywords: economic and social disparities, residents, region, territorial differentiation.
Economic and social indicators show than in Lithuania as well as in other countries, the social, economic and environmental status differences between urban and rural areas are not reducing, and this influences the uneven possibilities of economic independence for the residents and inconsistent economic prosperity for various groups of residents. Negative processes are forming: territorial differentiation between urban and rural areas, relevant socioeconomic differences, social exclusion and inequality, large migration flows. In order to solve these issues, it is necessary to name decision alternatives that would allow identifying economic development directions that are based on knowledge, innovations, entrepreneurship and would ensure sustainable regional development. The aim of the research is to assess the economic and social disparities among residents in terms of territory. In order to reach the aim, the following objectives have been set: 1) to determine the evaluation criteria for assessing economic and social disparities among residents, 2) to analyse indicators that determine economic and social disparities among residents, 3) to name means that would reduce economic and social disparities among residents. After conducting the research, it has been determined that the country’s economic situation, changes in the labour market structure and work, the changing environment of country’s politics, culture and institutions usually reduces the economic and social possibilities of persons. There has been observed marginalisation of small town and district residents, prejudice; the stereotypes that have been formed in a society influence men and women when choosing a job; it is more difficult for a young person in the labour market who is just starting a professional career and does not have experience or appropriate education. In different areas, there exist high unemployment, small income that is disposed by the households, and the following problems are highlighted: poverty and social exclusion, inequality, emigration abroad and migration from rural regions and small towns to urban areas.