This working group aims to explore the links between ethics, responsibility, accountability, and policies, with a specific focus on innovation.
Topic: It is becoming increasingly clear that market forces create unintended consequences and far from expected food system outcomes. How policies and innovations can shape food systems are becoming central issues in the agriculture and food debate. Previously, controversies focused upon the distribution of power in the food system and how those dynamics affected availability and access to food. This aspect is now being integrated and amplified by concerns about direct and indirect outcomes that food systems and associated innovative practices generate. Concerns about nutrition, health, social justice, the environment, animal welfare and climate change are now at the centre of the debate. The consequences of innovation are not always known, and it remains ambiguous who is accountable to whom for the consequences of change. Consequently, policies have to deal with issues that may be suddenly ‘problematised’ because of these innovations and become objects of public debate, animate social movements, inspire research and gain policy attention.
In this new policy context, the relationship between truth claims, choice, responsibility, accountability and policies become central ethical concerns. While policy attempts to regulate practices or products on the basis of evidence and by balancing power, concerns about ethics affect food system actors’ choices, which in turn influences policies and innovations. Problematisation processes affect how accountability relations are created, disrupted, resisted, and solidified in the face of innovations, with implications for who wins and who loses. The broad call for greater accountability makes things visible, but simultaneously blurs other outcomes, including processes of responsibilisation and governance.
We encourage papers that identify promising new frameworks, strategies and approaches to food system policy, innovation and ethics. It will respond to the following questions:
- Ethics and practices: What social norms and practices in production and consumption are generated from emerging ethical issues (i.e. equality, animal welfare, environmental conservation, food waste etc.)? What does responsible innovation (in science, technology and business models) look like in these new contexts? How are ethical issues made visible through studies of responsibility and accountability relations? In corollary, how has accountability developed into an issue itself that allows actors to shape public debate and advance or impede strategic interests?
- Expertise and policy: How are emerging ethical issues becoming part of food and agriculture policy agendas? How can policies leverage social norms to generate change in the food system? How and in what form is expertise convened and problematised to shape responsibility and accountability relations?
- Demanding and claiming accountability: How are potentially conflicting demands for and claims toward accountability practically and materially negotiated? What new forms of authority (e.g. auditors, accountants, standards etc.) are emerging and what is displaced in the process?
- Policy and accountability: What are policy levers – law, standards, and incentives – relevant to the accountability of innovations and how do they mediate accountability constellations? What role does democratic accountability play in the governance of innovation and the problematisation and responsibilisation of policies?
- Finance and corporation: How and to what extent are private financial institutions engaging socially responsible innovations/portfolios and how is their involvement in the agriculture and food sectors shaping change? What tensions intersect with the practice of financial innovation?
We welcome conceptual, methodological and empirical / case study-based papers under this theme. Papers will be welcome that consider issues such as: the Right to Food, Food Security and Sovereignty, Food Democracy, Food Justice, Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, Animal Welfare, Health and Food access, Ethics of care, Food as commons, Public Procurement, AFNs, Food waste and circular (food) economies.
Traditional workshop: 3-4 papers presented by authors in advance of opening to the floor for Q&As and wider discussion. Beside supporting dialogue and convening critical thinking toward the accountability of food system innovations, we plan to submit a selection of papers as a special issue to a top tier journal.
|Session #||Session title and Date||Presenters|
|Session 1||Consumption & Production Systems||Tuscano & Lamine|
|Wednesday June 26. 2019||Maye et al.|
|Andromeda, Clarion Congress & Hotel||Wavresky & Duboy|
|Session 2||Production Systems||Shortall|
|Andromeda, Clarion Congress & Hotel||Bryant & Higgins|
|11:00 – 12:30||Janker|
|Wednesday June 26. 2019||Hale et al.|
|Grivins et al.|
|Session 3||Accountability and Responsibility||Lajos|
|Thursday June 27. 2019||McAreavey & Attorp|
|09:00 – 10:30||Strube et al.|
|Andromeda, Clarion Congress & Hotel||Forney|
|Session 4||Policy and Shared Responsibility||Ransom|
|Thursday June 27. 2019||Minotti|
|11:00 – 12:30||Kimberly et al.|
|Andromeda, Clarion Congress & Hotel||Uhnak|
|Smaal et al.|
|Session 5||Policy & Responsible Innovation||Jauernig|
|Thursday June 27. 2019||Darrot|
|14:00 – 15:30||Brunori et al.|
|Andromeda, Clarion Congress & Hotel||Palmioli|
Working Group Session 1 Wed 09:00 – 10:30
- Martina Tuscano – The Emergence of Norms and Accountability in Food Consumption: Experimentation of New Consumption Practices within a Public Program
- Damian Maye – Meaty ethics: the problematisation of meat eating and sustainable diets
- Nafsika Papacharalampous – Let’s Eat Them Together’. Food procurement practices of domination and resistance in the city of Athens.
- Dana Bentia – Reconfiguring European soy systems. Dynamics, multiple effects, and long-term visions
Working Group Session 2 Wed 11:00 – 12:30
- Orla Shortall – The ethics of grazing: An analysis of empirical and philosophical arguments around dairy cow welfare within fully housed and grazing systems in the UK and Ireland
- Melanie Bryant – Managing Biological Threats to Food Production: An Institutional Logics Approach
- Judith Janker – Moral premises of sustainability in agriculture
- James Hale – Farmer as fractured: Rationalization, disenchantment, and the (un)changing farmer
- Mikelis Grivins – Comparative analysis of global and local Non-timber forest products supply chains in Latvia and Brazil
Working Group Session 3 Thur 09:00 – 10:30
- Ruth McAreavey – Going for Growth: A smoke screen for clientelism?
- Johann Strube – Implementation and performance of multi-stakeholder sustainability metrics in US agriculture
- Jérémie Forney – Reframing responsibility and accountability through assemblage
- Gregory Kohler – Auditing Halal: Ethical Negotiations of GMOs in Italy
Working Group Session 4 Thur 11:00 – 12:30
- Elizabeth Ransom – A Role for Ethics in International Agricultural Development Programming
- Bianca Minotti – The future of the Common Agricultural Policy: discourse analysis on a paradigm shift towards a sustainable European food system
- Tomas Uhnak – People´s Food Policy: What can the state policies learn from Food Sovereignty and Agroecology?
- Sara A.L. Smaal – Social justice-oriented ambitions in urban food strategies of European medium-sized cities: Fair objectives or just aspirations?
- Kimberley Reis – Seeking the Policy Synergies: Building Shared Responsibility for Local Food Contingency in Queensland, Australia
Working Group Session 5 Thur 14:00 – 15:30
- Johanna Jauernig – Theorizing Agriculture-society Tensions: An Ordonomic Approach to the Agrarian Vision
- Catherine DARROT – Spatial food justice : a blind topic in the local food networks agenda for transition
- Gianluca Brunori – Implementing Responsible Research and Innovation through Ethical Codes: an application to digitisation
- Lucia Palmioli – Social innovation in rural areas for sustainable and inclusive food chains: a case of socio-economic ‘restorative agriculture and justice’ in Puglia (Italy)
- Veronika Lajos – Ethical Concerns and Responsibility Issues in the Discourse of Local Food System – a Hungarian Example